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Mango Struggles In India
- May 07, 2018 -

These days, countless applications are filed around the mango fruit at the Indian patent office in Mumbai. All this has given rise to both inter- and intra-state debates. The mango farmers of Maharashtra have been conflicting with neighbouring Karnataka for using the name ‘Alphonso’. Within Maharashtra, in the districts of Raigad, Sindhudurg and Ratnagiri, it has been a race for the most authentic Alphonso.

Then, on 19 April, the Geographical Indication (GI) registrar gave all the mangoes from Maharashtra’s Konkan region the right to use the names Alphonso or Hapoos. While this might be India’s most exported variety of mango, the excitement about the Alphonso, and the tag “king of mangoes”, is limited to Maharashtra. 

The taste of each type of mango varies, depending on climate and terrain. According to the National Horticulture Board, India cultivates over 1,500 varieties, and the total production in FY17 was 18.6 million tons. This makes India the largest producer of this fruit, growing over 50% of the world’s mangoes.

According to, China even sent out a mango sapling into space last year in an effort to create a superior and disease-resistant fruit. Pakistan and Bangladesh keenly track patent issues, as several varieties are common between these two countries and India and a first name or prefix is often added to distinguish the fruit’s nationality.